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Appium Testing On LambdaTest


This post will help you in getting started with Appium testing on LambdaTest Real Device cloud platform.

Objective​


By the end of this topic, you will be able to:

  1. Run a sample automation script of Java for application testing with Appium.
  2. Learn more about Desired capabilities for Appium testing.

Prerequisites for Getting Started​


  1. You will need a LambdaTest username and access key. To obtain your access credentials, purchase a plan or access the automation dashboard.
  2. Ensure you have Appium’s Java client library installed.
  3. Access to an Android app (.apk or .aab file) or an iOS app (.ipa file).
tip

If you do not have any .apk or .ipa file, you can run your sample tests on LambdaTest by using our sample πŸ”— Android app or sample πŸ”— iOS app.

Run Your First Test​


Step 1: Upload Your Application​

Upload your iOS application (.ipa file) or android application (.apk file) to the LambdaTest servers using our REST API. You need to provide your Username and AccessKey in the format Username:AccessKey in the cURL command for authentication. Here is an example cURL request to upload your app using our REST API:

curl -u "shantanuw:abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz" \
--location --request POST 'https://manual-api.lambdatest.com/app/upload/realDevice' \
--form 'name="Android_App"' \
--form '[email protected]"/Users/shantanuwali/Desktop/LT_Java_Appium/proverbial_android.apk"'
Note

Response of above cURL will be a JSON object containing the App URL of the format - lt://APP123456789123456789 and will be used in the next step.

Step 2: Write Your Automation Script​

  1. Write your automation script in the client language of your choice from the ones supported by Appium. An automation script for the sample applications have been provided below. You can clone the automation code in Java for the sample app from our GitHub repository.

Here is a sample automation script in Java for the sample app downloaded above. Ensure to update the app_url, username and accesskey in the below code.

import io.appium.java_client.AppiumDriver;
import io.appium.java_client.MobileBy;
import io.appium.java_client.MobileElement;
import io.appium.java_client.android.AndroidElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.remote.DesiredCapabilities;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.ExpectedConditions;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.WebDriverWait;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.List;

public class AndroidApp {

public static String userName = "username"; //Enter your LT Username here
public static String accessKey = "accesskey"; //Enter your LT AccessKey here

public String gridURL = "@mobile-hub.lambdatest.com/wd/hub";

String DeviceValue;
String versionValue;
String PlatformValue;


@org.testng.annotations.Parameters(value = {"device", "version", "platform"})
public AndroidApp(String device, String version, String platform) {
try {
DeviceValue = device;
versionValue = version;
PlatformValue = platform;
DesiredCapabilities capabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
capabilities.setCapability("build","ParallelSample Android");
capabilities.setCapability("name",platform+" "+device+" "+version);
capabilities.setCapability("deviceName", device);
capabilities.setCapability("platformVersion",version);
capabilities.setCapability("platformName", platform);
capabilities.setCapability("isRealMobile", true);
//AppURL (Create from Wikipedia.apk sample in project)
capabilities.setCapability("app", "app url"); //Enter your app URL from previous step here
capabilities.setCapability("deviceOrientation", "PORTRAIT");
capabilities.setCapability("console", true);
capabilities.setCapability("network", true);
capabilities.setCapability("visual", true);
capabilities.setCapability("devicelog", true);

String hub = "https://" + userName + ":" + accessKey + gridURL;
AppiumDriver driver = new AppiumDriver(new URL(hub), capabilities);

MobileElement color = (MobileElement) driver.findElementById("com.lambdatest.proverbial:id/color");
//Changes color
color.click();
//Back to black color
color.click();

MobileElement text = (MobileElement) driver.findElementById("com.lambdatest.proverbial:id/Text");
//Changes the text to proverbial
text.click();

//toast is visible
MobileElement toast = (MobileElement) driver.findElementById("com.lambdatest.proverbial:id/toast");
toast.click();

//notification is visible
MobileElement notification = (MobileElement) driver.findElementById("com.lambdatest.proverbial:id/notification");
notification.click();

//Open the geolocation page
MobileElement geo = (MobileElement) driver.findElementById("com.lambdatest.proverbial:id/geoLocation");
geo.click();
Thread.sleep(5000);

//takes back to home page
MobileElement home = (MobileElement) driver.findElementByAccessibilityId("Home");
home.click();

//Takes to speed test page
MobileElement speedtest = (MobileElement) driver.findElementById("com.lambdatest.proverbial:id/speedTest");
speedtest.click();
Thread.sleep(5000);
MobileElement el10 = (MobileElement) driver.findElementByXPath("/hierarchy/android.widget.FrameLayout/android.widget.LinearLayout/android.widget.FrameLayout/android.view.ViewGroup/android.widget.FrameLayout[2]/android.view.ViewGroup/android.widget.RelativeLayout/android.widget.FrameLayout[1]/android.widget.FrameLayout/android.widget.RelativeLayout/android.webkit.WebView/android.webkit.WebView/android.view.View/android.view.View/android.view.View[1]/android.view.View[3]/android.view.View[1]/android.view.View/android.widget.Button");
el10.click();
Thread.sleep(25000);


MobileElement el11 = (MobileElement) driver.findElementByXPath("//android.widget.FrameLayout[@content-desc=\"Home\"]/android.widget.FrameLayout/android.widget.ImageView");
el11.click();

//Opens the browser
MobileElement browser = (MobileElement) driver.findElementByAccessibilityId("Browser");
browser.click();
MobileElement el13 = (MobileElement) driver.findElementById("com.lambdatest.proverbial:id/url");
el13.sendKeys("www.lambdatest.com");
MobileElement el14 = (MobileElement) driver.findElementById("com.lambdatest.proverbial:id/find");
el14.click();
driver.quit();


} catch (Exception t) {
System.out.println();

}


}
}
  1. Create .XML file in order to run your test and define device capabilities. Please find sample code below for the same.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "http://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd">
<suite thread-count="100" name="Mobile" parallel="tests">


<test name="AppTest 1">
<parameter name="version" value="11"/>
<parameter name="platform" value="Android"/>
<parameter name="device" value="Galaxy S21 Ultra 5G"/>
<classes>
<class name="AndroidApp"/>
</classes>
</test>

<test name="AppTest 2">
<parameter name="version" value="11"/>
<parameter name="platform" value="Android"/>
<parameter name="device" value="Galaxy S21"/>
<classes>
<class name="AndroidApp"/>
</classes>
</test>
</suite>

Step 3: Execute Your Test Case​

Debug and run your code. Run iOSApp.java or AndroidApp.java in your editor.

Step 4: View Test Execution​

Once you have run your tests, you can view the test execution along with logs. You will be able to see the test cases passing or failing. You can view the same at LambdaTest Automation.

More About Desired Capabilities​


Sample Capabilities for both android and iOS are mentioned below -

{
"deviceName": "Galaxy Tab S4",
"platformName": "android",
"platformVersion": "10",
"app": "App_url",
"visual": True,
"console": True,
"deviceOrientation": "PORTRAIT",
"build": "new-12",
"isRealMobile": True,
}

Additional Capability Reference Guide​


  • A more Detailed Capability Guide (PDF) is available here.