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What are five important components in a test plan?

The five most important components of a test plan are:

  • Test Objectives & Strategy: This defines the overall goals and objectives of the testing effort, including what features and functionality of the software will be tested, and what quality standards the software must meet before it can be released. Test strategy outlines the overall approach to testing, including the types of tests that will be performed, the tools and resources that will be used, and the personnel responsible for executing the tests.
  • Scope of testing: This defines the boundaries of the testing effort and what will be included and excluded from the testing process. It also identifies the various levels of testing (such as unit, integration, system, and acceptance testing) that will be performed.
  • Test deliverables & estimates: This defines the documents and artifacts that will be produced as part of the testing effort, such as test cases, test plans, test scripts, and test reports. Parallely, cost estimates is also crucial for planning and budgeting, and thus provides a basis for measuring progress and identifying potential issues.
  • Test environment: This defines the hardware and software environment in which the testing will be performed, including the operating system, hardware, and software configurations. It also includes information on the test data that will be used and the test tools that will be employed.
  • Roles and Responsibilities: This defines the roles and responsibilities of the team members involved in the testing effort, including who will be responsible for creating test cases, executing tests, and reporting defects. It also outlines the communication channels that will be used to keep stakeholders informed about the testing progress.

It's worth noting that the test plan also includes other components such as test schedule, test estimation, and test budget.

Want to learn how to create an effective test plan? To know more, give a read to our exhaustive tutorial on Test plan.

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