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What are the different types of engineers?

There are many types of software engineering roles based on the size and complexity of the application. These functions might have different types of software engineers in their teams who specialize in different areas. Some of the most common types of software engineer roles are:

  • Front-End Engineer
  • Back-End Engineer
  • Full Stack Engineer
  • QA Engineer
  • DevOps Engineer
  • Security Engineer
  • Front-End Engineer: The term "front-end engineer" refers to a software engineer specializing in developing a user interface (UI). The UI includes visual elements like layouts and aesthetics. Front-end engineers deal with cross-browser compatibility and fixing bugs to ensure an excellent visual presentation of the UI.
  • As such, they work with code that runs on different user devices, browsers, and operating systems. Developing a responsive application also comes under this.

  • Back-End Engineer: A back-end engineer is a software engineer specializing in the application's underlying logic and performance. They often design and implement the core logic, keeping scalability in mind. This is done by integrating with data systems, caches, and email systems using Application Programming Interfaces (APIs).
  • Full Stack Engineer: A full-stack engineer is a software engineer who can handle both front-end and back-end work. These engineers possess the skills required to create a fully functional web application.
  • QA Engineer: A QA engineer is a software engineer responsible for validating the application's quality. A QA engineer develops automated tests, tools, and methods to validate the quality of an application.
  • DevOps Engineer: DevOps engineers are software engineers who support the development of systems to build, deploy, integrate and administer back-end software and distributed systems. They manage the application infrastructure—the database systems, servers, etc.
  • Security Engineer: A security engineer is a person who specializes in creating systems, methods, and procedures to test the security of a software system and exploit and fix security flaws. A security engineer often works as a “white-hat” ethical hacker and attempts to penetrate systems to discover vulnerabilities.

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