A Complete Guide For Your First TestNG Automation Script

Posted by Deeksha Agarwal | March 30, 2018
Automation •

17084 Views | 5 Min Read

First TestNG Automation Script

The love of Automation testers, TestNG, is a Java testing framework that can be used to drive Selenium Automation script.

When it comes to automation, no one can compete with Selenium.

If you are planning to dive into the field of automation testing, TestNG can be your topmost choice.

For a beginner, it becomes hard to understand the point from where he needs to start.

So, in this blog, we have come up with a step by step method to assist you in getting started with your first automation test script.

For this, you need to set up an Test Automation environment for selenium with Eclipse first and then go ahead with the script. Let’s do it.

Open your browser in the next tab and get started for your first automation test script in TestNG. All you need is just 20 minutes.

Setting Up The Environment

Step 1: First of all, download java8 or jdk1.8 and install it in your system.

You can use the link to download java8.

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

After installing java8, set up the path.

To do so, Go to Start→ Computer→ Right click → properties→ Advanced system settings → Environment variable→ New→ After clicking on that you need to enter variable name and variable path.

You’ll see the following screen in the ‘Environment variable’ window.

Environment variable

Once you click on New, you’ll see the following window. Enter ‘Path’ as the variable name. And Enter the path where your jdk has been installed in the variable path

Let’s validate if this is properly installed or not.


download whitepaper

To do so, open cmd window and type ‘javac’.

You’ll see a window with all the details of jdk. If you get it, then it is properly installed, if not, then try again.

cmd window

Step 2: Download Eclipse and Run

You can use this link to download Eclipse.
https://www.eclipse.org/downloads/packages/eclipse-ide-java-developers/keplersr1

Select Eclipse IDE for Java EE Developers and install it.

Java EEE

Once you install it, an eclipse IDE window will open for writing the script and it will look like this.

Console

Step 3: Download TestNG from Eclipse Marketplace

For this, Go to Help→ Eclipse Marketplace

Eclipse Marketplace

Click ‘install’ on TestNG for Eclipse.

TestNG

And finish the process.

Step 4: Download Selenium 3.11.0

You can use this link to download: https://www.seleniumhq.org/download/

Step 5: Download Selenium dependency files

Download selenium dependency files for jdk 3.11.0 using the link provided here.

Step 6: Create the project

Create a Java project
To create it, go to file→ New→ Other

Select create a Java Project

JAVA

Enter your project name, I am entering ‘FirstAutomationProject’.
Note: Do not enter spaces in the name of the project

Click Open Perspective

You’ll see that a new Java Project is created at the left side. Now, Click on ‘FirstAutomationProject’. You’ll see src file. Right click on it. Select new→ Other→ Create a new Java Package.

Click Finish.

Step 7: Create a new TestNG class.

Create a new TestNG class under the package newpack. Right click newpack–> New –> Other

Check @BeforeTest and @AfterTest. Once you click on Finish, you’re all set to write your automation script.

A template TestNG code will open up like this.

Step 8: Import Selenium Jar Files in dependency files

Right click on FirstAutomationTest→ Import. Click on’ Add external Jar’ and add the Jar dependency files that you’ve downloaded above.

Select the .jar file that you’ve downloaded above.

Similarly, import the dependency files that you’ve downloaded from the link provided above.

Import lib files from the zip extracted dependency files.

Select all the files in the lib folder.

Once you import all the files, you’re all set to write the code.

Writing The Code

On the eclipse window that you’re seeing now, write the following code.
We are writing a code in order to verify the title of webpage.

CODE(self explanatory):

After writing the code, save it and right click on ‘New Test.java’ → Run as→ TestNG Test.

Once you click on it, you’ll see a chrome browser window opening the website that you’ve entered in your code to test. And it will automatically close as soon as the test is completed and in the output section below, you’ll see ‘Test Passed’ as the status of your test on the console below.

With this, you have run your first automation test in TestNG using a local webdriver.

To verify the title of a given webpage matches the one already specified.

Executing Cross Browser Automation Testing With TestNG & Selenium Using Remote WebDriver At LambdaTest

So far, you have noticed how to run a TestNG script using a local webdriver. That is all easy and quick, however, using a local webdriver for performing automation testing with selenium will not provide you with a variety of browsers to test your website or web app on! You can only perform your testing on the browsers that are installed in your local machine. Considering the abundance of browsers on the internet, it could be nearly impossible to have your website test over every web browser through your local machine. This is where cloud testing plays a crucial part. LambdaTest is a cloud-based cross browser testing tool which offers you to run your Selenium scripts using a remote webdriver. This remote webdriver would allow you to perform your test on over 2000+ browsers and browser versions supported by LambdaTest Selenium grid. LambdaTest also allows you to perform a test on your locally hosted web apps or web pages through an SSH tunnel. This way you don’t need to install an excessive number of browsers on your OS for higher coverage of test results.

Executing A Single Instance In LambdaTest Using TestNG

A couple changes in your code is all that you would need for running your Selenium test script on LambdaTest Selenium grid. Here we will take a look at a different example to help you demonstrate the LambdaTest Selenium grid.

We will be running a script of a simple To Do list app. In this list, our code will be marking 2 items as done, add a list item and will display the total count of pending items.
You can find the below code on our GitHub repository as well.


If you look at the configurations selected for running the test. They are our desired capabilities and the code provided for those capabilities is fetched from LambdaTest Capabilities Generator.

LambdaTest Capabilities Generator


The button which says Copy to clipboard will help you to copy all the code based on your selections in just a single click.

That’s all you need for running your first automation test script using Selenium with TestNG at LambdaTest.

Executing Cross Browser Parallel Testing With TestNG Using LambdaTest

Now let us execute a single test on multiple configurations. Yes, we are talking about parallel test execution.

In order to execute parallel testing, you must generate a testng.xml file along with a test case which would make use of the below parameters:

org.testng.annotations.Parameters

Here is an example of parallel testing.


Now let us generate a tesng.xml file where we will be declaring basic test configurations such as browser, browser version, OS etc.


Kudos! That is all you need for successfully executing parallel automated tests using Selenium with TestNG on LambdaTest.

Nothing matches the feel you get after doing something new. So, feeling good after executing your first automation script? Let us know your experience in the comment section below.

Written by Himanshu Priyadarshi & Deeksha Agarwal

Himanshu is a Test Automation Engineer & Deeksha is in Product Growth at LambdaTest.

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