Puppeteer is a tool that automates and streamlines front-end development and testing. It was developed by Google and is maintained as an open-source project.
Built by Google, Puppeteer is a Node library for controlling headless Chrome over the DevTools Protocol. It also offers high-level APIs for performing automated tests, developing and debugging website features, inspecting elements on a page, and profiling performance.
A headless browser is a regular browser, except that we cannot see anything on the screen. The program runs in the backend i.e., it's not visible, but it still has functionality. Thus, it's sometimes known as a "headless" or "headless browser."
A headless browser can perform all the functions of clicking links, uploading and downloading documents, and navigating pages by executing our program's instructions. When we use a normal browser, we see each step of the program in a GUI presentation. But when we use a headless browser, all steps of the program are carried out sequentially and correctly, and we can track it with the help of a console or command-line interface.
Since its inception, The Puppeteer project has been widely adopted by developers as a simpler way to introduce automation into their development workflow. Many developers have authored extensive tutorials, and their feedback has been invaluable in improving Puppeteer's capabilities.
Puppeteer, which was initially released in January 2018, has quickly gained popularity as one of the leading open-source automation frameworks.
Check out The State of JS 2021 Puppeteer testing data on the basis of developer Satisfaction, Interest, Usage and Awareness.
Since 2019, Puppeteer has shown a decrease in the level of satisfaction among developers and testers i.e., 89% in 2019 to 82% in 2021.
The interest in using the Puppeteer testing tool by developers and QA testers has also shown a consistent decline i.e., 69% in 2019 to 58% in 2021.
Irrespective of the decline in the interest of using Puppeteer as the go-to testing framework, it shows a significant rise in its usage by developers and testers i.e., 27% in 2019 to 37% in 2021.
Puppeteer has shown a significant increase in its awareness among the developer and tester community. It risen from 67% in 2019 to 78% in 2021.
Under the Experience Over Time section of the State of JS 2021 survey, it also shows:
Around 27.3% of developers have shown interest in using Puppeteer for their testing needs. The lack of awareness of the Puppeteer framework is at an all-time high i.e., 33%, but considering its still a new testing framework, it is already gaining popularity. Along with this, only 24.4% of developers would like to use Puppeteer again in the future.
The interest among developers ad testers in using Puppeteer has not shown any significant change. The lack of awareness has dropped from 33% in 2019 to 26.7% in 2020. Along with this, the percentage of users who would like to use Puppeteer again has increased from 24.4% in 2019 to 29.4% in 2020.
As per the data of the 2021 survey, the interest among the users has dropped down to 23.9%. The lack of awareness has also shown a decrease and is now at 21.8%. Along with this, the percentage of users who would like to use Puppeteer again has shown a slight increase from 29.4% in 2020 to 30.5% in 2021.
Puppeteer is a Node library that provides complete automation for Chrome. One of Puppeteer's main advantages is its ability to access and control DevTools Protocol and you can easily install it using npm or Yarn.
Puppeteer is a tool for automating the process of frontend development and testing. It is a tool that automates browsers. It can be used for automating most UI tests, including keyboard and mouse movements, as well as web page crawling and scraping. It works with applications written in Angular and AngularJS.
Unlike Selenium, Cypress Protractor, and many other testing frameworks, Puppeteer is not considered a browser automation tool. Rather, it is used to manage the internal features of the Chromium browser. Puppeteer acts as a development tool that lets you run a headless browser in Node.js to perform a majority of tasks performed by a developer, such as handling requests and responses, locating elements, network traffic, performance and so on.
Puppeteer gives you the power to automate things you do manually in the browser. Here are some of those features:
As the automation context changes daily, Puppeteer might not remain the go-to automation tool for long. One of the major drawbacks is that Puppeteer supports only the Chrome browser as of now.
By following the protocols of DevTools, Puppeteer manages Chromium or Chrome browsers with the help of top-quality API provided by the Node library. Puppeteer testing follows the below process:
To remove the trade-offs between speed and reliability, Puppeteer leverages the Chromium browser environment for running tests, giving developers the flexibility to use headless or headful browsers that run on the same underlying platform as their users.
Puppeteer was built to be easily integrated into any developer's workflow. This led to an increase in popularity amongst developers, who were then incentivized to build support for Puppeteer into popular testing frameworks such as Mocha.
As per the last 1 year data of NPM Trends, Puppeteer has shown a significant rise in its downloads and now has come alongside famous automation testing frameworks like Cypress. Currently Puppeteer sits at 3.3 million downloads.
Along with this, the GitHub Stats show that Puppeteer has the highest number of stars i.e., 79,074, among all the top frameworks. This also proves a positive growth for Puppeteer among the developer and tester community.
|Cross Browser||Supports all browsers||Supports only Chrome and Firefox||Supports only Chrome and Firefox||Supports Chrome, Safari and Firefox|
|Multi-tabs and Frames||Supported with bad switch API||No real support||Intuitive API||Intuitive API|
|Parallelism, Grids and Infra||Yes||Only in closed source paid could||Users build their own||Users build their own|
|Docs and Resources||Great documentation and resources||Good documentation||Many available tutorials||Outdated docs and tutorials due to changing API|
|Community||Very large community with many testers||Small community||Small community||Small community|
Puppeteer 3.0, a Node.js library that provides a high-level API to control headless Chrome or Chromium over the DevTools Protocol, now supports Firefox in addition to Chrome. The new version also updated support to the latest Chrome 81 and removed support for Node 8.
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