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Protractor is an end-to-end test framework for Angular and AngularJS applications. It runs tests in a real browser interacting with it as a user would.

Support and updates

  • Protractor has 8784 stars, 2398 forks.
  • It has 0 major releases in the past 6 months.
  • It has 0 commits and there are 64 open pull requests.
  • It has 680 open issues and 3422 have been closed.

Code statistics

  • Protractor has 37 methods.

Selenium Protractor Tutorial

Protractor is developed by Google Developers to test Angular and AngularJS code. Today, it is used to test non-Angular applications as well. It performs a real-world user-like test against your application in a real browser. It comes under an end-to-end testing framework. As of now, Selenium Protractor has proved to be a popular framework for end-to-end automation for AngularJS.

Let’s talk about what it does:

  • Protractor, built on WebDriver JS (Selenium), offers Angular-specific locator strategies.
  • It helps to construct automated tests for applications other than Angular JS and is not just intended to test AngularJS applications.
  • Page object design pattern is supported by Protractor Selenium, which improves in producing clear and legible code. Automation testers need to write clean code.
  • Frameworks like Jasmine, Cucumber, and others are fully integrated with Protractor.


Protractor is a JavaScript framework, end-to-end test automation framework for Angular and AngularJS applications.

Protractor Selenium provides new locator methods that actually make it easier to find elements in the DOM.

Two files are required to execute Protractor Selenium tests for end-to-end automation: Specs & Config. Go through the link above to understand in a better way.

To carry out extensive, automated cross browser testing, you can't imagine installing thousands of the available browsers on your own workstation. The only way to increase browser usage is through remote execution on the cloud. To execute your automation test scripts across a variety of platforms and browser versions, LambdaTest offers more than 3000 browsers.

We recommend Selenium for end-to-end automation for AngularJS because both are maintained and owned by Google, and they build JavaScript test automation framework to handle AngularJS components in a way that better matches how developers use it.

For scripting, selenium locators are essential since if they're off, your automation scripts won't run. Therefore, in any testing framework, these Selenium locators are the foundation of your Selenium test automation efforts.

To make sure that your Selenium automation tests function as intended, debugging can be an effective option. Check the blog to know more.

Get familiar with global variables that are majorly used in locating the DOM elements with examples for better understanding of these Selenium locators in protractor.

If you are not familiar with writing Selenium test automation on Protractor, here is a blog for you to get you understand in depth.

Selenium tests are asynchronous and there are various reasons for a timeout to occur in a Protractor test. Find out how to handle timeouts in this Protractor tutorial.

In this Protractor tutorial, learn how to handle frames or iframes in Selenium with Protractor for automated browser testing.

Handle alerts and popups in Protractor more efficiently. It can be confusing. Here's a simple guide to understand how to handle alerts and popups in Selenium.


Protractor is lincensed under the MIT License

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Protractor can be downloaded from it’s GitHub repository -

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Taiko is a Node.js library with a clear and concise API to automate Chromium based browsers. Tests written in Taiko are highly readable and maintainable.


node.js module to run a simple http server for mock service responses.

Frameworks to try


JMock is a library that supports test-driven development of Java code with mock objects. Hels design and test the interactions between the objects in your programs.


vfsStream is a stream wrapper for a virtual file system that may be helpful in unit tests to mock the real file system. It can be used with any unit test framework, like PHPUnit or SimpleTest.


Run and manage integration tests efficiently using Venom executors and assertions


PHP Mocking Framework


Ocaramba Test Framework was designed in Objectivity to propose a common way how people should create Selenium WebDriver tests.

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