A Test execution tool can be characterized as a product that helps in one or more test activities, including test planning, gathering requirements, building, running tests, recording defects, and analyzing results.
It is crucial in the software development life cycle to find any gaps, flaws, or missing requirements against the actual customer requirements. Along with the software development life cycle, the Test execution tool plays a crucial role in the software testing life cycle.
Test execution tools require scripting languages to run. Scripting languages are basically programming languages. Software testers who wish to run a test execution tool directly must have programming skills to create and modify scripts.
A testing tool in software testing refers to a Test execution tool or simply a tool that can run tests. A Test execution tool is also known as a test running tool. Since they can record or capture manual tests, therefore, referred to as capture/playback tools, "capture/replay" tools, or "record/playback" tools.
A test execution tool tests the developed software application against a specific test case scenario and compares the results to the expected results and post conditions. Test execution helps to ensure that the generated software application satisfies the pre-defined criteria and end-user specifications. Also, it links the performance of test cases or test plans on software applications.
Test execution tools can be classified based on different parameters like,
The majority of testers use Test execution tools for running test automation. This statement is somewhat ambiguous because it alternatively refers to test running, capture, or replay tools. It falls under the category of software testing tools most frequently. These tools initially automate regression tests since they quickly and effectively execute test scripts and shorten test execution times.
A high-skilled tester or professional with solid expertise in programming languages can design and modify test scripts with the Test execution tool to execute test cases and scripts correctly.
The testers already run most of the tests using Test execution tools. One of the most significant advantages of utilizing this Test execution tool is the ability to run all previous tests whenever an existing system is upgraded or modified.
For example, to address a defect or add new functionality. It ensures that the newly added modifications or functionality didn’t affect the existing system.
Following are some of the features of Test execution tools -
Until now, we have covered the basics of the Test execution tool; let’s have a look at the advantages of using the Test execution tool.
To make the most out of any tool, you should always have a clear idea about its pros and cons. This will help you to know the conditions where implementation of the tool will give the best possible results.
A scripting language is required to run the Test execution tools. The scripting language is a programming language; therefore, every software tester who wants to use a Test execution tool must use programming knowledge to create and modify the scripts.
The main benefit of programmable scripting is that tests can take different paths depending on test results. For example, if a test fails, go to a different set of tests. They can repeat actions (in loops) for additional data values (i.e., test inputs) and from other scripts giving the location of tests.
Nevertheless, during testing, the tests are not merely replayed for someone to observe how they interact with the system. Remember that the system may respond slightly differently when the tests repeat in a loop. However, the Test execution tools use various more effective methods that enable them to function correctly and provide the advantages of performing unattended automated tests.
The following list of at least five levels of scripting includes descriptions of them and several comparison methods.
Test planning incorporates defining the scope of the testing, describing the product, and strategic objectives. Further, it includes the layout to perform the testing, identifying the resources required (including people, hardware, software, and tools), planning the test environment, allocating the resources to the tasks, defining the schedule, and identifying and managing any risks as shown in the flow-chart below.
Testers need to monitor the progress and take action when it deviates from expectations. Re-planning takes place when the testing's scope has altered. Managing risks and issues, managing change requests during the project, reporting project status to the various stakeholders with test reports to give visibility into the testing performed, taking corrective action to ensure quality, and providing a detailed description, form an integral part of test planning.
Only an efficient Test execution tool will enable the test planning process seamlessly.
Following are some of the arenas where a coherent Test execution tool will be beneficial.
It would be best if a tester fixed defects in a subsequent software release. The correction process entails investigation by the developers to identify the root of the issue and relevant software updates to fix it. A tester must test the upgraded application to confirm resolving bugs without adding new ones.
For instance, it is essential to limit modification as the project nears completion since changes to requirements typically impact other project deliverables, including design, code modules, and test papers.
The project manager may approve small change requests, but larger change requests need evaluation and approval by the change control board (CCB). The project's exposure to new risks is due to changes to the requirements, and the CCB must take these risks into account to ensure management.
In other words, the change control board evaluates the effects of a formal request to change the criteria after you log in. The CCB chooses whether to approve or disapprove the proposed modification. If you receive approval, developers implement the solution, and testers ensure that there is no introduction of new faults and that it is correct.
You can do performance testing with several agencies, including HP LoadRunner, Borland Silk Performer, IBM Rational performance tester, and Apache JMeter. You can replay the recorded test scripts by the performance test tools. You can control and save the test data. Therefore a test control language is used.
The test manager must identify the initial testing risks, which you must examine to ascertain their impact and propensity. The test manager must proactively identify and manage additional risks that may surface throughout the testing. A contingency plan deals with the scenario of the risk occurring, and countermeasures lessen the possibility of occurrence and impact of the risks.
Risk management activities include identifying risks, figuring out how likely they are to happen and what will happen if they do, coming up with solutions, monitoring, and reporting. During the testing process, reporting of risks must be regular.
The test manager will keep a risk repository (which could be a tool or a risk log as part of the project risk repository) to keep track of each risk's specifics, including its type and description, likelihood, impact, and suitable response.
The reports include a summary of the testing done so far. Typically, it will consist of essential project details like - Test deliverables that have been completed (during the period) - New risks, difficulties, etc.
A clear summary of the number of open issues by severity reveals the project's quality status. The test manager will present the main concerns and issues affecting testing and outline the solutions to address them. After hearing about the additional risks and difficulties, the project board will carefully assess how the test manager wants to cope with them and offer the necessary support.
With so many options available in the market, there is a high possibility that you might get confused when it comes to picking the right tool for test execution. The following tips will help you get your hands on the right product.
However, additional ways to boost a tool's effectiveness include smart reporting, efficient test lab/data administration, and release management. Making a reasonable choice for the right test execution tool may significantly help to improve these characteristics.
Let's examine what a Test execution tool needs in terms of productivity.
The Test execution tool should also be able to compare test run outcomes and record test results as a session. Other functions anticipated from a typical test management solution include test planning execution, creating defects, connecting stories, and documenting test strategy. The cherry on top would be API support and a video upload feature.
To avoid conflicts with other test artifacts, a decent test execution platform has to have powerful release management tracking capabilities that maintain track of the list of the software being tested and published. Additionally, it must be able to manage every project asset in a single environment.
The tool needs to identify connections between requirements and other development assets. All stakeholders must access a single view of requirements via the test execution mechanism. Working together with stakeholders ensures that the proper requirements are recorded.
An agile Test execution tool should provide:
If you are examining changes in defect rates each iteration in an Agile context, a test run comparison by the Test execution tool might be beneficial. Another need for Agile is that the Test execution tool maintains a record of the product release for each iteration and backlog.
Incorporating a bug tracking tool simplifies the testing process for any QA team. The tool would be more valuable if it included a standard Test execution tool integrated with SDLC apps or other bug tracking tools. Users should be able to attach issues to specific test case execution instances for centralized software testing process execution. Additionally, it needs to make it possible for the complete project team to collaborate on a single issue simultaneously.
The test execution tool must be mobile-compatible with the whole feature set. Support for various devices and mobile operating systems is crucial since more devices have additional complexity, such as location, gesture, accelerometer, and orientation concerns. You never purchase a mobile phone intending to use it with your test management application.
To assist their clients, the finest Test execution tool should include features like live chat, phone calls, FAQs and online user manuals, product documentation details, knowledge base, the ability to raise help desk tickets, etc.
Several test execution tools now provide live video conferences with tool specialists to address client concerns. Demos or recorded videos connected to the test management tool should always be available on-site and accessible anytime. Developers require a sample script and detailed documentation if the product supports API or custom integration.
The following factors should be taken into account while choosing your Test execution tool provider:
Startups and major organizations are looking for a Test execution tool to expedite their development workflow and test automation workflow. Generally, we test our websites and apps on desktop or mobile devices. On-premise testing involves significant infrastructure challenges and high maintenance costs and often comes with scalability issues. Therefore to avoid the hassle of test infrastructure, an ideal option is to choose a cloud-based Test execution tool like LambdaTest.
LambdaTest is a cloud-based cross browser testing platform that lets you perform live and automated testing of your websites and mobile applications across 3000+ real browsers, devices, and operating system combinations.
Check out some of the top-notch features of the LambdaTest platform.
Shown below is the demonstration of performing live-interactive testing on the LambdaTest platform.
A cloud-based virtual machine will launch where you can perform testing of your web applications.
Check out the video tutorial below to get started with real-time testing on LambdaTest.
Now let’s look at how to perform automated testing using the LambdaTest platform.
Also, you can easily migrate your test scripts or test suites from BrowserStack and Sauce Labs to the LambdaTest platform.
Testing has evolved into a brand-new stage because of the availability of numerous sophisticated software testing technologies. In the past, testers would test a specific functionality for hours with inconsistent findings. The results are more accurate, decreasing manual errors and testing time.
The fundamentals of test automation involve a set of advantages and drawbacks, which are the same whether you are testing web and mobile apps. There are numerous software testing solutions on the market, each with unique benefits and capabilities.
We hope this post will help you look for the finest test management software. Always choose a tool wisely based on your project before making your choice.
The primary purpose of Test execution tools is to run the test scripts or the test suites. It can also record or capture manual tests, therefore known as capture or playback tools.
The different types of testing tools are test management tools, configuration management tools, static analysis tools, test execution tools, etc.
Salman works as a Digital Marketing Manager at LambdaTest. With over four years in the software testing domain, he brings a wealth of experience to his role of reviewing blogs, learning hubs, product updates, and documentation write-ups. Holding a Master's degree (M.Tech) in Computer Science, Salman's expertise extends to various areas including web development, software testing (including automation testing and mobile app testing), CSS, and more.