How to use meta_info method of UserManagementSelector Package

Best Inspec_ruby code snippet using UserManagementSelector.meta_info


Source:users.rb Github


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...169 def groups170 identity[:groups] unless identity.nil?171 end172 def home173 meta_info[:home] unless meta_info.nil?174 end175 def shell176 meta_info[:shell] unless meta_info.nil?177 end178 # returns the minimum days between password changes179 def mindays180 credentials[:mindays] unless credentials.nil?181 end182 # returns the maximum days between password changes183 def maxdays184 credentials[:maxdays] unless credentials.nil?185 end186 # returns the days for password change warning187 def warndays188 credentials[:warndays] unless credentials.nil?189 end190 # implement 'mindays' method to be compatible with serverspec191 def minimum_days_between_password_change192 deprecated('minimum_days_between_password_change', "Please use: its('mindays')")193 mindays194 end195 # implement 'maxdays' method to be compatible with serverspec196 def maximum_days_between_password_change197 deprecated('maximum_days_between_password_change', "Please use: its('maxdays')")198 maxdays199 end200 # implements rspec has matcher, to be compatible with serverspec201 # @see: def has_uid?(compare_uid)203 deprecated('has_uid?')204 uid == compare_uid205 end206 def has_home_directory?(compare_home)207 deprecated('has_home_directory?', "Please use: its('home')")208 home == compare_home209 end210 def has_login_shell?(compare_shell)211 deprecated('has_login_shell?', "Please use: its('shell')")212 shell == compare_shell213 end214 def has_authorized_key?(_compare_key)215 deprecated('has_authorized_key?')216 raise NotImplementedError217 end218 def deprecated(name, alternative = nil)219 warn "[DEPRECATION] #{name} is deprecated. #{alternative}"220 end221 def to_s222 "User #{@username}"223 end224 private225 # returns the iden226 def identity227 return @id_cache if defined?(@id_cache)228 @id_cache = @user_provider.identity(@username) if !@user_provider.nil?229 end230 def meta_info231 return @meta_cache if defined?(@meta_cache)232 @meta_cache = @user_provider.meta_info(@username) if !@user_provider.nil?233 end234 def credentials235 return @cred_cache if defined?(@cred_cache)236 @cred_cache = @user_provider.credentials(@username) if !@user_provider.nil?237 end238 end239 # This is an abstract class that every user provoider has to implement.240 # A user provider implements a system abstracts and helps the InSpec resource241 # hand-over system specific behavior to those providers242 class UserInfo243 include Converter244 attr_reader :inspec245 def initialize(inspec)246 @inspec = inspec247 end248 # returns a hash with user-specific values:249 # {250 # uid: '',251 # user: '',252 # gid: '',253 # group: '',254 # groups: '',255 # }256 def identity(_username)257 raise 'user provider must implement the `identity` method'258 end259 # returns optional information about a user, eg shell260 def meta_info(_username)261 nil262 end263 # returns a hash with meta-data about user credentials264 # {265 # mindays: 1,266 # maxdays: 1,267 # warndays: 1,268 # }269 # this method is optional and may not be implemented by each provider270 def credentials(_username)271 nil272 end273 # returns an array with users274 def list_users275 raise 'user provider must implement the `list_users` method'276 end277 # retuns all aspects of the user as one hash278 def user_details(username)279 item = {}280 id = identity(username)281 item.merge!(id) unless id.nil?282 meta = meta_info(username)283 item.merge!(meta) unless meta.nil?284 cred = credentials(username)285 item.merge!(cred) unless cred.nil?286 item287 end288 # returns the full information list for a user289 def collect_user_details290 { |username|291 user_details(username.chomp)292 }293 end294 end295 # implements generic unix id handling296 class UnixUser < UserInfo297 attr_reader :inspec, :id_cmd, :list_users_cmd298 def initialize(inspec)299 @inspec = inspec300 @id_cmd ||= 'id'301 @list_users_cmd ||= 'cut -d: -f1 /etc/passwd | grep -v "^#"'302 super303 end304 # returns a list of all local users on a system305 def list_users306 cmd = inspec.command(list_users_cmd)307 return [] if cmd.exit_status != 0308 cmd.stdout.chomp.lines309 end310 # parse one id entry like '0(wheel)''311 def parse_value(line)312 line,314 line_separator: ',',315 assignment_regex: /^\s*([^\(]*?)\s*\(\s*(.*?)\)*$/,316 group_re: nil,317 multiple_values: false,318 ).params319 end320 # extracts the identity321 def identity(username)322 cmd = inspec.command("#{id_cmd} #{username}")323 return nil if cmd.exit_status != 0324 # parse words325 params = parse_id_entries(cmd.stdout.chomp),327 assignment_regex: /^\s*([^=]*?)\s*=\s*(.*?)\s*$/,328 group_re: nil,329 multiple_values: false,330 ).params331 {332 uid: convert_to_i(parse_value(params['uid']).keys[0]),333 username: parse_value(params['uid']).values[0],334 gid: convert_to_i(parse_value(params['gid']).keys[0]),335 groupname: parse_value(params['gid']).values[0],336 groups: parse_value(params['groups']).values,337 }338 end339 # splits the results of id into seperate lines340 def parse_id_entries(raw)341 data = []342 until (index = raw.index(/\)\s{1}/)).nil?343 data.push(raw[0, index+1]) # inclue closing )344 raw = raw[index+2, raw.length-index-2]345 end346 data.push(raw) if !raw.nil?347 data.join("\n")348 end349 end350 class LinuxUser < UnixUser351 include PasswdParser352 include CommentParser353 def meta_info(username)354 cmd = inspec.command("getent passwd #{username}")355 return nil if cmd.exit_status != 0356 # returns: root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash357 passwd = parse_passwd_line(cmd.stdout.chomp)358 {359 home: passwd['home'],360 shell: passwd['shell'],361 }362 end363 def credentials(username)364 cmd = inspec.command("chage -l #{username}")365 return nil if cmd.exit_status != 0366 params = cmd.stdout.chomp,368 assignment_regex: /^\s*([^:]*?)\s*:\s*(.*?)\s*$/,369 group_re: nil,370 multiple_values: false,371 ).params372 {373 mindays: convert_to_i(params['Minimum number of days between password change']),374 maxdays: convert_to_i(params['Maximum number of days between password change']),375 warndays: convert_to_i(params['Number of days of warning before password expires']),376 }377 end378 end379 class SolarisUser < LinuxUser380 def initialize(inspec)381 @inspec = inspec382 @id_cmd ||= 'id -a'383 super384 end385 end386 class AixUser < UnixUser387 def identity(username)388 id = super(username)389 return nil if id.nil?390 # AIX 'id' command doesn't include the primary group in the supplementary391 # yet it can be somewhere in the supplementary list if someone added root392 # to a groups list in /etc/group393 # we rearrange to expected list if that is the case394 if id[:groups].first != id[:group]395 id[:groups].reject! { |i| i == id[:group] } if id[:groups].include?(id[:group])396 id[:groups].unshift(id[:group])397 end398 id399 end400 def meta_info(username)401 lsuser = inspec.command("lsuser -C -a home shell #{username}")402 return nil if lsuser.exit_status != 0403 user = lsuser.stdout.chomp.split("\n").last.split(':')404 {405 home: user[1],406 shell: user[2],407 }408 end409 def credentials(username)410 cmd = inspec.command(411 "lssec -c -f /etc/security/user -s #{username} -a minage -a maxage -a pwdwarntime",412 )413 return nil if cmd.exit_status != 0414 user_sec = cmd.stdout.chomp.split("\n").last.split(':')415 {416 mindays: user_sec[1].to_i * 7,417 maxdays: user_sec[2].to_i * 7,418 warndays: user_sec[3].to_i,419 }420 end421 end422 class HpuxUser < UnixUser423 def meta_info(username)424 hpuxuser = inspec.command("logins -x -l #{username}")425 return nil if hpuxuser.exit_status != 0426 user = hpuxuser.stdout.chomp.split(' ')427 {428 home: user[4],429 shell: user[5],430 }431 end432 end433 # we do not use 'finger' for MacOS, because it is harder to parse data with it434 # @see # instead we use 'dscl' to request user data436 # @see # @see class DarwinUser < UnixUser439 def initialize(inspec)440 @list_users_cmd ||= 'dscl . list /Users'441 super442 end443 def meta_info(username)444 cmd = inspec.command("dscl -q . -read /Users/#{username} NFSHomeDirectory PrimaryGroupID RecordName UniqueID UserShell")445 return nil if cmd.exit_status != 0446 params = cmd.stdout.chomp,448 assignment_regex: /^\s*([^:]*?)\s*:\s*(.*?)\s*$/,449 group_re: nil,450 multiple_values: false,451 ).params452 {453 home: params['NFSHomeDirectory'],454 shell: params['UserShell'],455 }456 end457 end458 # FreeBSD recommends to use the 'pw' command for user management459 # @see: # @see: # It offers the following commands:462 # - adduser(8) The recommended command-line application for adding new users.463 # - rmuser(8) The recommended command-line application for removing users.464 # - chpass(1) A flexible tool for changing user database information.465 # - passwd(1) The command-line tool to change user passwords.466 class FreeBSDUser < UnixUser467 include PasswdParser468 def meta_info(username)469 cmd = inspec.command("pw usershow #{username} -7")470 return nil if cmd.exit_status != 0471 # returns: root:*:0:0:Charlie &:/root:/bin/csh472 passwd = parse_passwd_line(cmd.stdout.chomp)473 {474 home: passwd['home'],475 shell: passwd['shell'],476 }477 end478 end479 # This optimization was inspired by480 # @see # Alternative solutions are WMI Win32_UserAccount482 # @see

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