Debugging Local Mobile Pages on Android Phone Using Chrome Developer Tools
Mobile • Mobile Testing •
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While developing a mobile web application, device or browser issue are very common. Mobile emulator plugins or built in emulators in browsers can be used to deal with them, but often bugs are faced by developers that occur in actual devices, not in emulators. The best way to deal with them is to debug the application directly in the device. Remote debugging is a feature that allows you to debug the application in your mobile the same way as done in desktop. Let’s take a deep dive towards how to execute the process.
What Will You Need
The requirements are very simple and the system can be configured easily without purchasing any extra software or hardware. For your PC you will need
- Chrome version 32 or above installed and properly working.
- If you are using Windows, USB drivers are required.
- A USB cable to connect your Android device with the desktop or laptop.
For the Android device, the following things are required.
- Latest version of Google Chrome.
- Android version 4 or above.
- USB debugging enabled in the developer options for Android.
The last requirement is a bit tricky. We will cover it in the following section.
How to Enable USB Debugging in Android
If you are using Android 4.0 and 4.1,
- Go to Settings
- Navigate to Developer Options and enable it
- Once Developer Option is enabled, you will be able to see the USB Debugging checkbox.
- Scroll to the checkbox and check it
- A pop-up notification will appear informing that you are now a developer.
The process is a bit complicated in Kitkat or other higher versions.
- Navigate to settings and go to About Phone option
- A new window will open. Scroll to the bottom and you will be able to see the Build Number.
- Tap it 7 times. In the lower section of the page you will get a pop-up that you are now a developer.
- After going back, you will be able to access the Developer Options menu.
- The rest is same, check USB debugging, and you are done.
Setup Localhost on your Desktop
If your website is in Angular or any other framework, hosting it locally will not a problem. Recent versions of Angular use NPM for code building and once executed, it automatically configures a proxy server and hosts the application on your local machine which can be browsed via http://localhost:8080.
If you are developing a normal website without any advanced JS framework, you will need to create a proxy server on your workstation. This can be done by using WAMPServer, which comes with the latest versions of PHP, Apache and MySQL. Once installed, WampServer will create a directory under which, project folders can be created. The sites can be directly previewed at localhost once development is completed.
Connect Both Devices
Make sure that the Android device as well as your workstation are connected to the same Wi-Fi network. Even if you don’t have Wi-Fi network, you can use USB tethering to connect both the devices.
Find Your Workstation Details
You can view your locally hosted website on your Android using either your computer’s IP address or hostname. To find your IP address
- Go to the control panel
- Search for “adapter” and click on it
- Go to “view network connections”
- Select Active Network and navigate to “view status”
- Click on “details” and you will be able to view the IP Address next to IPv4 address.
There is also an easier alternative
- Click the “Start” button and go to run
- Type “cmd” and press enter
- The command prompt screen will appear. Type ipconfig and press enter
- You will get your IP address prompted on the black screen along with default gateway and subnet mask.
There is however, one drawback of using IP address. Every time you change the network, it gets changed and you have to search for it again. A better alternative is to use the Hostname. It can be found easily by
- Clicking on “Start“ button
- Right click on “My Computer” and go to properties
- In the Computer Name tab, you will find the Hostname for your workstation.
Viewing Locally Hosted Websites in Android
The final step is easy. Open Google Chrome on your mobile and type the IP Address or the hostname on the address bar of the browser. You will be able to view the content of the localhost on your mobile browser. Navigate to the site which you hosted on your workstation and you will be able to view the contents and test it on a mobile device.
Testing Locally Hosted Pages on LambdaTest
While doing the above process is not very difficult, it is still a little cumbersome and is prone to errors. A easier way is to test on LambdaTest cross browser compatibility testing platform. At LambdaTest you get instant on-demand access to android mobile browsers where you can run and debug your pages. In addition these browsers comes with integrated chrome developer tools that can be launched by a click of a button. You can connect you system with LambdaTest cloud platform via simple SSH protocol based tunnel application and test your locally or privately hosted webpages on LambdaTest app.
LambdaTest is free to signup and use. So do tryout LambdaTest first before you try above method :P.
Viewing a locally hosted website in Android device is very beneficial in the current age of digital transformation. People are using mobile devices for browsing and surfing webpages. Often developers and testers test mobile view of their webpages using browser emulators. The results of which are often inaccurate. Real time issues on Android devices are not observed often on emulators. For perfect User Experience testing, it is always helpful to test your application on an Android device before it is deployed into production.
Written by Arnab Roy Chowdhury
Arnab Roy Chowdhury is a UI developer by profession and a blogging enthusiast. He has been writing content for about 5 years and have strong expertise in technical blogs, travelogues and content in latest programming languages.
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